What causes burning sensations in feet and legs?

Most people do not think too much about their feet till they get trouble with the feet. Burning sensations in feet often signals nerve irritation that might be because of infection, injury or wide range of medical disorders. Burning sensations in feet and legs might be caused by nerve damage in the legs, also named neuropathy. Depending on the cause, potential complications of peripheral neuropathy contain muscle loss, food ulcers, and rarely paralysis. [Read: symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis]

Burning sensations in feet
Burning sensations in feet

Despite many medical conditions could also result in burning feet, diabetes and alcohol abuse are reckoned as the most popular ones. Now, apart from the above-mentioned causes, if you are wondering what causes burning sensations in feet and legs, you should check out the list below to see the less-known causes of neuropathy or burning sensations in feet:

  • Chronic liver disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Small fiber neuropathy
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Vitamin deficiency (vitamin B12, sometimes B6)
  • Low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism)
  • Lyme disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Amyloid polyneuropathy
  • Erythromelalgia
  • Secondary effects of drugs, containing overdose of vitamin B6, chemotherapy drugs, isoniazid, HIV medicines, metformin, amiodarone and others
  • Heavy metal poisoning (arsenic, lead, and mercury)
  • The inflammation of the blood vessels (Vasculitis)
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Fluid retention or Edema
  • Hypertension
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome

In addition to neuropathy, inflammation and infections of feet and legs could result in burning sensations in feet and legs. Among those infections, the most common is athlete’s foot, the infection of the human skin resulted by fungus.

Aside from the above, PAD – peripheral artery disease could popularly result in burning feet. Moreover, the poor blood circulation to the feet might regularly trigg tingling, pain, and burning feet, particularly whilst walking.

Gastric bypass or the poor absorption of B vitamins could also result in the legs or burning sensations in feet. [Read: how to soothe sore muscles fast]

 So When To Seek Medical Help?

In most cases, peripheral neuropathy symptoms start steadily. If you abruptly develop tingling and burning sensations in feet, you should contact your doctor almost instantly. If your condition arises and is associated with muscle weakness, as well as other nervous system signs, like dizziness, visual problems or loss of bowel or bladder control, you should seek medical help instantly. In case you have any underlying medical problems like HIV, lupus, diabetes, you had better discuss with the doctor. When visiting your doctor, blood tests could be executed in order to check for any nutritional deficiency, and medications could commonly be prescribed to relieve the symptoms.