What are the causes of dizziness, risk factors and self-care?

Dizziness is a term used to relate everything from feeling lightheaded or faint to feeling unsteady or weak. Dizziness creating the sense that you or things around are moving or spinning is named vertigo.

Dizziness, one of the most common reasons matures see their doctors, is often associated with chest pain and fatigue. Despite constant dizziness could keep you from doing daily activities, dizziness sometimes is a rare signal of a life-threatening, serious condition. Depending on the causes of dizziness as well as its symptoms, treatment varies.

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Causes of dizziness
Causes of dizziness

So What Causes Dizziness?

The sensation of vertigo and the feeling of faintness or imbalance, among different ways that dizziness makes you feel, supply certain clues for possible causes. Occasional attacks of dizziness are often normal. Nevertheless, there are serious causes of dizziness, which are:

  • Balance system: the problems within your balance system could lead to dizziness plus with ringing in the ears or vertigo.
  • Heart / circulation: sometimes, dizziness is the result that your blood pressure does not change rapidly enough according to the changes of your postures, particularly when standing up suddenly. That means less blood, and in turn oxygen, could get to your own brain in a short period of time. That case, you may look pale, feel faint, and want to instantly sit down. Also, your vision will darken and rarely might lose your consciousness.
  • Brain: dizziness could be a result of reduced oxygen supplying to the human brain. That could be resulted from bleeding, blood clots, or spasms within the vessels of your brain. Actually, this kind of dizziness may be caused by MP – multiple sclerosis.
  • Psychological problems: an individual could experience light-headed from severe anxiety, hyperventilation, or depression. It is estimated that about 20% of cases of dizziness might be resulted by psychological problems.

Aside from the common causes of dizziness above, there are some other more serious causes, which are long-term blood clots, drug reactions, heart disease, infection, metabolic disorders or anaemia (low iron levels).

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In case your feel a little dizzy, you should:

  • Lie flat to let the blood circulate to the brain
  • Try to rinse slowly from a posture of lying or sitting
  • Sit one or two minutes before standing up
  • If you feel dizzy when driving, pull over the road’s side where you can be safe
  • Avoid operating machinery whilst dizzy.

Risk Factors

There are some factors that might increase your risk of suffering from dizziness:

  • Age: those over 65 tend to be prone to have medical conditions that lead to dizziness.
  • Taking specific medications: drugs for high blood pressure, anti-seizure medications, tranquilizers and sedatives could result in dizziness
  • A previous episode of dizziness: if you suffered from dizziness before, you might be more likely to suffer from it in the upcoming time.

In general, dizziness could promote the odds of injuring yourself or falling. Feeling dizzy while driving or operating a heavy machine could result in accidents. Thus, be careful if you have this condition now and then.