What are the peripheral neuropathy symptoms and signs?

Before learning about the common peripheral neuropathy symptoms and signs, you should get to know the answer of “What is peripheral neuropathy?

In fact, the human peripheral nervous system connects the nerves from the spinal cord and the brain to the rest of the body, containing the hands, arms, feet, legs, internal organs, face and mouth. The function of these nerves is delivering signals about some physical sensations back to the brain.

When it comes to peripheral neuropathy, it is a disorder happening when the nerves malfunction as they are destroyed and damaged. This will disrupt the normal functioning of the nerves and send signals of pain but in fact there is no pain. This could be resulted by systemic illness, injury, infection or might be associated with an inherited problem. In reality, those who have a family history of peripheral neuropathy tend to be more likely to suffer from this problem. Nevertheless, there are still various factors as well as underlying conditions that cause this condition.

It is worth noting that every nerve within the peripheral system has a particular function, so the symptoms also depend on the nerves impacted. There are a few types of nerves, which are:

  • Sensory nerves receiving sensations from the human skin like pain, temperature, or touch, or vibration.
  • Autonomic nerves controlling the functions like heart rate, blood pressure, bladder and digestion
  • Motor nerves controlling how the muscles move

What Are The Peripheral Neuropathy Symptoms?

Peripheral neuropathy symptoms
Peripheral neuropathy symptoms

In regard to peripheral neuropathy symptoms and signs, they might include:

  • A feeling like you are wearing a tight pair of sock or glove
  • Tingling in feet or hands
  • Stabbing, sharp pains
  • Numbness in both hands and feet
  • Heavy-feeling, weak arms and legs
  • Lack of coordination, falling
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch
  • Muscle weakness
  • Thinning of the skin
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulties in digestion
  • Excessive sweating
  • Sexual dysfunction, particularly in men

The peripheral neuropathy symptoms above could indicate other conditions. So make sure that you consult your doctor all about your symptoms.

When To See Your Doctor?

Seek medical care right away if you realize any unusual weakness, tingling, or pain within your hands and feet as well. Early diagnosis along with treatment offers the best chance to control your problem and preventing further damage to your overall health.

Causes Of Peripheral Neuropathy

There are a number of factors leading to peripheral neuropathy, containing:

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabetes
  • Exposure to poisons
  • Medications
  • Infections
  • Inherited disorders
  • Pressure or trauma on the nerves
  • Tumors
  • Bone marrow disorders
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Other diseases like liver disease, kidney disease, connective tissue disorders and hypothyroidism

Tests And Diagnosis

Aside from taking a clinical history, by asking more information about the disorder, the doctor will diagnose neuropathy with an examination and sometimes tests (electrical and laboratory).

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