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Prostate cancer is cancer that happens in the prostate of a man, which is a small walnut-shaped gland producing the seminal fluid which nourishes and transport sperm. Be considered as one of the most popular kinds of cancer in men, prostate cancer often grows slowly and remains confines to the prostate gland, in which it might not result in any serious harm. Actually, it is not clear what causes prostate cancer. In essence, some kinds of prostate cancer develop slowly and might need no or minimal remedy, other kinds are rather aggressive and could spread fast.
People with prostate cancer which is detected early when it is stilled well confined to prostate gland might have a better opportunity of successful remedy.
Read more: how to prevent prostate cancer in men
When it comes to prostate cancer symptoms, there are often no early signs. Prostate cancer, like other forms of cancer, depends on how far the cancer has spread at the time it is diagnosed. There might be no signs or symptoms in prostate cancer’s early stages. In the more advanced cases, there might be some common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, including:
• Reduced force in the urine stream
• Pain on urination
• Discomfort feeling the pelvic area
• Blood in the semen
• Bone pain
• Numbness or weakness in the legs as well as feet, or even loss of bowel or bladder control from cancer pressing on the spinal cord.
In addition, if you have any of the prostate cancer symptoms below, you should go to the nearest hospital emergency center:
• Urinary tract infection: burning urination, frequent, urgency urination, particularly if coming with fever
• Bladder obstruction: urinating extremely little or even no urinating though drinking a large amount of fluid, pain because of a full bladder
• Acute kidney failure: urinating little or even no urinating, with little discomfort, though drinking adequate fluid
• Deep bone pain, particularly in the hips, back, or thighs or even bone fracture – the possible sign of more serious case of prostate cancer which has spread to bones
The prostate cancer symptoms depend on the level at which the human spine is compressed.
• Those men at the age of 50 or more
• Those men who are in the high risk group, like those with a family history of prostate cancer or African American ethnicity, should start screening as early as the age of 40
• Stage 1: prostate cancer is found in only the prostate. This stage is microscopic and could not be felt on the DRE – digital rectal exam – and could also be seen on prostate imaging.
• Stage 2: the tumor has grown within the prostate yet has not extended beyond it
• Stage 3: the cancer has spread outside the prostate, yet just barely. This stage might involve those nearby tissues, such as seminal vesicles
• Stage 4: the cancer has widely spread outside the prostate to many other tissues, commonly lymph nodes, liver, lungs or bones.
In fact, accurately identifying the stage of prostate cancer is very important in the success of treating. Thus, it is worth a try to go through extensive testing in order to get the precise stage of prostate cancer.
This article refers the information introduced in WebMD.