What are signs and symptoms of diverticulitis attack in adults?

Diverticular disease contains three conditions that get involved in the development of small sacs or pockets in the wall of colon, containing diverticulosis, diverticulitis, and diverticular bleeding.

This article focuses on diverticulitis which happens when there is inflammation and infection in one or more diverticula. This often occurs when outpouching become blocked with waste, letting bacteria to form, resulting in infection.

Symptoms of diverticulitis
Symptoms of diverticulitis

So What Are The Symptoms Of Diverticulitis?

The signs and symptoms of diverticulitis might last from several hours to a few days. These signs and symptoms might contain:

  • Cramps, tenderness, or pain in the abdomen (often in the lower left side yet sometimes happen in the right) which is sometimes worse upon moving
  • Chills and fever
  • An abdominal swelling, a bloated feeling, or gas
  • Constipation or less common diarrhea
  • Nausea, and vomiting
  • Not feeling like eating

[Read: symptoms of ovarian cancer]

What Are The More Serious Complications Of Diverticulitis?

More several complications of diverticulitis contain:

  • Colonic obstruction
  • Collections of pus in the pelvic where the diverticulum has ruptured
  • Generalized infection of the abdominal cavity
  • Bleeding into colon

[Read: how to prevent hemorrhoids]

How Is Diverticulitis Diagnosed?

After learning symptoms of diverticulitis, you may want to know how this condition is diagnosed. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms of diverticulitis, and will examine you. The doctor will ask questions about your medical history like bowel habits, diet and current medications, and perform a physical exam, possibly containing a digital rectal exam.

One or more diagnostic tests might be asked. The tests might contain X-rays, CT scanning, ultrasound testing, a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and blood tests to look for symptoms of infection or the extent of bleeding.

For those with heavy, quick rectal bleeding, the doctor might execute a procedure named angiography to locate the original source of bleeding.

How Can Diverticulitis Be Prevented?

It is pointed out that that no treatment has been shown to successfully prevent complications of diverticular disease.

  • Diet. Follow a diet which is rich in fiber so you can increase stool bulk and prevent constipation. Also, theoretically, those diets might help in preventing further diverticular formation or worsening of the diverticular condition. Some experts recommend sufferers to avoid nuts, corn, and seeds, which are believed to plug diverticular symptoms openings and leads to diverticulitis.
  • Drink plenty of water. You should drink 8-ounce glasses of water per day to prevent dehydration. [Read: symptoms of dehydration]
  • Probiotics. As inflammation has been found at the edges of diverticular, it has been speculated that colonic bacteria might be playing a significant role in the rupture of diverticula by enhancing inflammation. This has caused some individuals to further speculate that changing the bacteria in their colon may decrease inflammation and rupture and to opt for treatment with probiotics.
  • Good bowel hygiene. This is most important to prevent diverticular disease or lessen the complications from it. Thus, you should have regular bowel movements and avoiding constipation and straining.
  • Take enough rest and sleep.

Tags: signs and symptoms of diverticulitis, symptoms of diverticulitis attack, symptoms of diverticulitis in adults.