A boil, aka furuncle, is the skin infection that begins in the hair follicle or oil gland. Initially, the skin turns red in the infected area, and then a tender lump develops. After about 4-7 days, the lumps will begin turning white because pus collects under the skin.
It is shown that the most popular places that boils form are on the face, armpits, neck, shoulders, and buttocks. When a boil forms on the eyelid, it is called a sty. If some boils appear in a group, this is a more serious kind of infection named a carbuncle.
What Causes Boils On The Face And Body?
When it comes to what causes boils on the face and body to form, there are many causes of boils. In fact, some boils could be resulted by an ingrown hair. Other boils could form as the consequence foreign material which has become lodged within the human skin. On the other hand, other boils, like those of acne, could be the results of plugged sweat glands which become infected. Normally, the precise cause of a boil could not be determined.
The human skin is a necessary part of the immune defense against material as well as microbes which are foreign to the body. If there is any break within the skin, like a cut or scrape, the chance of an infection with bacteria will increase.
To put in simple words, in regard to common causes of boils, the germ will enter the human body via tiny cuts or nicks within the skin or could travel down the hair to the follicle.
The following health problems will make you more susceptible to those skin infections:
- Problems with the immune system
- Poor hygiene
- Poor hygiene
- Exposure to harsh chemicals which irritate the human skin
So What Are The Symptoms Of Boils?
Oftentimes, a boil begins a red, hard, painful lump often about ½ an inch in size. Over time, for about a few days after that, the lump will become larger, softer, and much more painful. Soon a pocket of pus will develop on the top of the boil which is the sign of a severe case of infection:
- More boils might appear around the original one
- The skin around boils gets infected. It turns painful red, warm, and swollen
- A fever might develop
- Lymph nodes might get swollen
Doctors say patients should not try to burst or squeeze the boils on their own. Usually, they disappear after several weeks without any treatment. If it becomes hurtful so much, persists for more than a few weeks, or is associated with an increased body temperature, you had better see a doctor. [Read: causes of acne and pimples]
What Are The Treatments For Boils?
After learning what causes boils, you might wonder the treatment options for this condition, right? Below, you will discover some recommendations for your boil condition:
- Things you could do by your own:
Apply a warm clean cloth for about 10 minutes several times per day – that will help speed up your healing process. The heat will draw more white-cell-including-blood to the infected area. However, remember to wash your hands thoroughly after touching the boils. Avoid squeezing the boils as it will increase your odds of spreading that infection.
There is a potential risk of secondary infections as the infections spreads to many other parts of the human body, such as cellulitis. Less popularly, there is a risk of blood poisoning (septicemia), septic arthritis, and arthritis. [Read: what causes cellulitis]
- Medical treatment:
The doctor might use a sterilized needle to lance your boils, to prick them and drain the pus away. Avoid lancing the boil by yourself.
- Prevention Tips
– You should keep your own skin clean by cleansing it regularly. Make use of an antibacterial soap.
– All cuts, grazes, and skin wounds should be instantly cleaned, no matter how tiny they are.
– A well-balanced, healthy diet will reduce the odds of developing boils
– Regular physical exercise will help improve your overall health as well as your immune system, decreasing the odd of developing boils.
– A sterile bandage over a cut will help in preventing infection.